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interesting information I decided to preserve. Print some
out and read in your spare time.
generalized, condensed, or simplified concept
derived from a more complex situation. A part
representation of some whole.
the zone of the earth, extending from its crust
out into the surrounding atmosphere, which contains
living organisms. 2. all the living organisms
of the earth.
economic engine built on ideas.
co-existence, inseparable pairs. The universe
is inherently complementary, such as in concave-convex,
positive-negative, male-female. "Unity is inherently
plural". (Buckminster Fuller)
can say there are two kinds of complexity. Detail
Complexity is when there are many variables.
Dynamic Complexity is situations where cause
and effect are subtle, and where the effects
over time of interventions are not obvious.
dealing with all or many of the relevant details;
including much; inclusive. 2. able to comprehend
from the Greek word for steersman (kybernetes),
was first introduced by the mathematician Wiener,
as the science of communication and control
in the animal and the machine (to which we now
might add: in society and in individual human
beings). It grew out of Shannon's information
theory, which was designed to optimize the transfer
of information through communication channels
(e.g. telephone lines), and the feedback concept
used in engineering control systems. (Principia
ordering of components.
rigorous, systematic study of the deliberate
ordering of components in our Universe
trademark word coined by Buckminster Fuller
and used about various of his inventions, meaning
essentially "doing more with less"
study of the relations between living organisms
and their environment
science that deals with the production, distribution,
and consumption of wealth, and with the various
related problems of labor, finance, taxation,
etc. (Webster's New World)
system of producing, distributing, and consuming
wealth. (Webster's New World)
verbally what cannot be divided nonverbally.
For example, speaking of body and mind, or emotions
and intellect, as separate and distinct entities.
prp. of esse, to be] 1. a) being; existence
b) the essence of something apart from its accidental
properties. 2. a thing that has definite, individual
existence in reality or in the mind; anything
real in itself. (Webster's New World Dictionary)
tendency towards disorder within a closed system,
as potential energy gets "spent".
physical Universe's macrocosmic proclivities
of becoming locally ever more dissynchronous,
asymmetric, diffuse, and multiplyingly expansive".
reciprocal flow of influence. In systems thinking
it is an axiom that every influence is both
cause and effect. Nothing is ever influenced
in just one direction." (Fifth Discipline)
study of the relationships among language,
thought, and behavior. A subject founded by
Alfred Korzybsky in the 1930s.
hierarchically organized, self-regulating,
open system of 'holons'. A system of parts
forming a dynamic whole. Coined by Arthur
Koestler. Bigger wholes are divided into smaller
parts that are again wholes to the parts below
them. For example, you can divide organisms
into organs into tissues into cells into molecules.
whole that is also a part. Coined by Arthur
Koestler from the Greek 'holos' meaning whole,
and 'on' meaning entity, as in proton or neutron;
hence a holon is a whole to those parts beneath
it in a hierarchy but a part to those wholes
term descriptive of holistic knowing, i.e. knowing
that is simultaneously intuitive and rational,
scientific and artistic. Thus, holonomics describes
the order of reality as well as the way we come
to know and express that order. (Jose Arguelles)
study or investigation of laws and principles
of whole systems. A unifying science accounting
for not only the interrelationships between
fields in the phenomenal world, but for the
interaction of man with this world - man with
all of his cumulative history, thought, and
forms of expression inseparable from the planet
upon which he finds himself. (Jose Arguelles)
from holo-, "whole", and "-nomy", "law or principle
governing or pertaining to", holonomy refers
to the law or principle governing whole systems,
while holonomics describes the study or investigation
of this law or principle. As a descriptive term,
holonomy ultimately refers to the universe entire
as a dynamic interwoven web, transcending partial
or analytical definition. (Jose Arguelles)
and evaluating situations and issues in terms
of degrees and probabilities. In any situation
there are multiple factors of concern and multiple
perspectives. Infinity-valued logic would involve
ascertaining degree or probabilities of usefulness
of different parts as related to the desired
objective and adding them up into an overall
evaluation. (general semantics)
general semantics, a condition whereby a term
may exist on different levels of abstraction,
for example, in "hate of hate" and "hate of
a person", "hate" is used at different levels
of systems that avoid identifications, that
see parts in relation to wholes, and that deal
with gradual scales of probabilities rather
than with fixed categorizations. (general semantics)
sharp divisions between what different things
ARE. Addressing the whole, rather than artificial
parts. Not dividing verbally what cannot be
divided nonverbally. (general semantics)
all data without question, like as the word
of God, to be accepted without evaluation.
paradigm is a set of rules and regulations (written
or unwritten) that does two things: 1) it establishes
or defines boundaries; and 2) it tells you how
to behave inside the boundaries in order to
be successful". (Joel Arthur Barker)
shared set of assumptions. The paradigm is
the way we perceive the world; water to the
fish. The paradigm explains the world to us
and helps us to predict its behavior. When
we are in the middle of the paradigm, it is
hard to imagine any other paradigm" (Adam
paradigm is a framework of thought ... a scheme
for understanding and explaining certain aspects
of reality". (Marilyn Ferguson) From the Greek
paradeigma, which means 'model, pattern, example".
Refers to two geometical systems which, oriented
perpendicularly to each other, reveal a new
system or geometric relationship.
In any system, the part that has the greatest
range of freedom controls the system.
response based on the consciously or mostly
the sub-consciously perceived meaning of an
event, rather than based on the event itself.
self-stabilizing energy-event complex. (Fuller)
of whole systems unpredicted by the separately
observed behaviors of any of the system's separate
parts or any subassembly of the system's parts."
tendency towards order and symmetrical combinations,
designs of ever more advantageous and orderly
patterns. Evolutionary cooperation. Anti-entropy.
(ref: Buckminster Fuller)
organized collection of interrelated elements
that performs one or more functions. (The Communication
system divides all of the Universe into a)
all of the Universe outside the system, b)
all of the universe inside the system, and
c) the little bit of remaining Universe which
comprises the system that separates the macrocosm
from the microcosm". (Buckminster Fuller)
key interrelationships that influence behavior
over time. These are not interrelationships
between people, but among key variables, such
as population, natural resources, and food production
in a developing country; or engineers' product
ideas and technical and managerial know-how
in a high-tech company." (Fifth Discipline)
theory or systems science argues that however
complex or diverse the world that we experience,
we will always find different types of organization
in it, and such organization can be described
by principles which are independent from the
specific domain at which we are looking. Hence,
if we would uncover those general laws, we would
be able to analyze and solve problems in any
domain, pertaining to any type of system. (Principia
expansion of two-valued logic. Everything is
either Right, Wrong, or Undecided. Either Yes,
No, or Maybe. Signifies a lack of ability to
ascertain degrees and probabilities.
and white, polarized thinking. Evaluating events
or issues in terms of two values, being right
or wrong, good or bad. No degrees, no varying
probabilities, no different viewpoints, simply
Yes or No.
omni-interaccommodative, nonsimultaneous, and
only partially overlapping, omni-intertransforming,
self-regenerating scenario." (Buckminster Fuller)
The aggregate of all experience. The role of
the observers, or humanity, is an essential
component of the definition, for awareness is
a prerequisite to defining and understanding.
Experience consists of dynamic, regenerative
patterns of energy. (paraphrased from Fuller)
an energy event, consists of magnitude and direction,
represented on paper by an arrow with specific
length and angular orientation. Vectors also
represent relationships between energy events.
capacity of society to apply generalized principles
toward present and future life support. (Buckminster
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